Although in the second half of the 1990s some formal business mechanisms, such as the Canada-Japan Business Council, came to an end, other mechanisms remained strong and highlighted the pressure for a renewal of bilateral trade relations. The success of international trade is fueled by the rapid and efficient transportation of goods and people in global supply chains. It requires new approaches from governments and means giving companies the tools to adapt. In Canada and Japan, national gateway initiatives are being developed to stimulate economic growth and strengthen relationships with trading partners. .