On October 22, 1947, Pakistani tribes from the western districts of the state and the Pushtoon tribes from Pakistan`s northwestern border province invaded the state, with the support of Pakistan. The Maharajahs initially resisted, but asked India for help, which agreed on the condition that the sovereign join India. Maharaja Hari Singh signed the accession instrument on 26 October 1947 in return for military aid and assistance accepted by the Governor General the following day. A status quo agreement can be reached between a lender and a borrower. It gives the borrower time to restructure its debts. On the other hand, the lender provides for a certain moratorium on the payment of interest or principal loans. The state of Jammu and Kashmir, bordering India and Pakistan, has decided to remain independent. She offered to sign status quo agreements with both gentlemen. Pakistan immediately agreed, but India called for further talks.
At the international level, it may be an agreement between countries to maintain the current situation, in which a responsibility owed to one to the other is suspended for a specified period of time. The agreement is particularly relevant because the bidder would have access to the confidential financial information of the entity concerned. After receiving the commitment of the potential purchaser, the target entity has more time to set up additional defence facilities for the acquisition. In some situations, the target entity agrees to repurchase shares of the target with a premium in return for the potential purchaser. Both draft treaties were submitted to the House on 25 July. A state negotiating committee was formed, which reviewed the two agreements, consisting of ten leaders and twelve ministers. After discussion, the Committee finalized the two draft agreements on 31 July.  Hyderabad`s Nizam, which had previously obtained a three-month extension to conclude new agreements with the Dominion of India, wrote to the Indian government on 18 September that it was ready to enter into an association agreement with India. But he said membership would cause unrest and bloodshed in the state.  On 11 October, Hyderabad sent a delegation to Delhi with a draft status quo agreement, described as “complex” by V. P. Menon, Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Minister of State Vallabhbhai Patel rejected any agreement that would not fully cede defence and foreign affairs matters to the Indian government. On the advice of Governor General Louis Mountbatten, Menon prepared a new draft treaty that was referred with the Hyderabad delegation. The Nizam Executive Council reviewed the agreement and approved it by six votes to three. Nizam agreed, but delayed the signing of the agreement.  Soon, Endierals Nizam found himself under pressure from Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (Ittehad), the Muslim nationalist party active in the state, and withdrew from the agreement.  On the morning of 27 October, Qasim Rizvi, the leader of Ittehad, organized a massive demonstration by several thousand activists to block the delegation`s withdrawal. He convinced Nizam that, as India was then linked to the defence of Kashmir, it did not exceed sufficient resources to put pressure on Hyderabad. He claimed that a Hyderabad princess could get a much more favorable deal.  Nizam then appointed a new delegation, dominated by members of the Executive Council opposed to the previous agreement.  Former Hyderabad bureaucrat Mohammed Hyder called the event the “October coup.” From that moment on, Qasim Rizvi began calling the gunfire in the Hyderabad administration.  The status quo agreement was separated from the accession instrument formulated at about the same time by the Department of States, which was a legal document including a transfer of sovereignty to the extent defined by the instrument.  A status quo agreement is a contract that contains provisions governing how a bidder in a company can buy, sell or vote shares of the target entity.